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Arizona-Sonora Research Seed Grant Program

This program is specifically aimed to stimulate interdisciplinary and binational research effort that explore new areas of research with high impact and future funding potential. Seed grants support faculty from ASU, UofA, NAU, UNISON, COLSON, CIAD, and COLEF in developing proposals for future large collaborative research projects in all field of the natural sciences, social sciences, and the humanities. Supported proposal have covered a variety of themes, but must represent an investment in the future research, scholarly, or creative vitality of the Arizona-Sonora region. Seed grants are funded through the Arizona-Sonora Interuniversity Alliance.

  

Comorbidity of Depression and Risk to Cardiovascular Diseases in Mexicans Living on Both Sides of the Border: Role of Reactivity to Stress

Cardiovascular diseases and depression are two of the diseases that cause higher costs and loss of life both in Mexico and the United States. Depression and cardiovascular disease manifests high comorbidity and this may be due to psychological factors both physiological and shared risk.  However, not all those exposed to stress suffer from cardiovascular problems or depression. The literature suggests that there are factors that increase the reactivity to stress. These factors, both psychological (personality traits such as neuroticism) and physiological (lower cardiac flexibility and abnormal hormonal response), increase the shared risk of the appearance of both diseases. Despite this evidence, many studies have not been carried out in Hispanic populations. This project aims to research both psychological and physiological factors related to stress reactivity and its relationship to symptoms of depression and comorbid risk of cardiovascular disease.

Investigator

Membership

Dra. Nadia Saraí Corral Frías (PI)

University of Sonora

Dr. John Ruiz

University of Arizona

 

Global Value Chains of the Arizona-Sonora Region: The Role of the Knowledge of Intensive Services

The development of services is determining the international competitiveness and the added value of the territories where companies that participate in Global Value Chains (GVC) are located. It is estimated that almost a third of the value of Mexican manufacturing exports are derived from services. The integration of services in GVCs is happening in a context of accelerated innovation technology related to artificial intelligence, the internet, cloud platforms, freelancers, genetic innovations, 3D printing, advanced materials and renewable energies. In the Sonora-Arizona region, where the manufacturing industry has the largest share of local GDP and the services sector shows positive growth rates, it is pertinent to suggest that a greater link between these two sectors can generate new innovation strategies that improve the competitive position and cross-border development.

The objective of the project is to consolidate a cross-border research group to carry out a project that proposes public policies and business intervention models to increase the capture of regional value of the GVC; through the development of services linked to knowledge networks and global technology platforms, as an option for the regional growth and development of Sonora-Arizona. With the ultimate goal of contributing to the development of an ecosystem of cross-border innovation that identifies innovation processes based on the role of services in the GVC located in the Sonora-Arizona region .

Investigator

Membership

Dr. Humberto García Jiménez (Responsible)

The North Border College, Nogales Headquarters

Dr. Jorge Carrillo

The College of the Northern Border

Dr. Francisco Lara Valencia

Arizona State University

Dr. David Guston

Arizona State University

 

Synthesis and evaluation of nanoparticles loaded with antibiotics using as matrix Glycomimetric antagonists for Campylobacter jejuni

An emerging bacterium that infects humans causing diarrhea, nausea and vomiting and whose complications can lead to arthritis, meningitis and Guillain Barre is Campylobacter jejuni. Campylobacteriosis is the most common gastroenteritis in Mexico and the United States of America. The situation is complicated by the increase in resistance to antibiotics that this pathogen presents. Therefore, it is important to look for alternatives that contribute to preventing and controlling the infection. One of these alternatives may be the strategy of glycol-therapy that is aimed at blocking the binding of the pathogen to the cell that infects and that is currently being studied and applied to treat some viral diseases such as influenza. The goal is to progress in the knowledge of how the union of the bacterium to the intestine can be inhibited and in directing a drug specifically towards it, it will contribute to the advancement of the treatment of the disease.

Investigator

Membership

Dr. Gabriela Ramos Clamont Montfort (Responsible)

CIAD

Dr. Roberto Guzmán Zamudio

University of Arizona

Dr. Andrei Sarabia Sainz

University of Sonora

Dr. José Ángel Huerta Ocampo

CIAD

Dr. Alfonso García Galaz

CIAD

QB Rosa Idalia Armenta Corral

CIAD

QB Giovanna Sandoval

CIAD

 

Winemaking in the Sonoran region - Arizona: A comparative study on the role of territory, community and regional identity in the creation of productive and sociocultural potentials.

In recent years, the processes of globalization associated with trade liberalization, the expansion of capital and scientific and technical development, among other aspects, have led to the production and reproduction of consumer goods in geographical areas previously unthinkable to the logic of economic profitability. This has provoked very diverse local responses, in as much as ideas such as terroir, savoir faire, authenticity or denominations of origin. The wine production projects that emerged in the 80's in Sonora, Arizona in the United States, and at the end of the 2000s in Cananea Sonora, are representative examples of these productive dynamics, thanks to the emergence of the so-called "new geographies" of wine, or "emerging or developing wine areas".

From the theoretical approach of location and place - based food studies, and starting from the hypothesis that the most successful models with respect to the wine and gastronomy business are those capable of effectively communicating the relationship between the product, the place and the community, this study aims to analyze how the conventional strategy of construction and value coding behaves through traditional categories such as territory, community and identity, as well as their practical and cultural consequences.

Investigator

Membership

Dr. Sergio Alfonso Sandoval Godoy (Responsible)

CIAD

Dr. Guillermo Núñez Noriega

CIAD

Dr. Maribel L. Álvarez

University of Arizona

D ra. Dena María Jesús Camarena Gómez

University of Sonora

María Elena Robles Baldenegro

University of Sonora

Carmen Salas Quesada

CIAD

Martín Alonso Robles Gaytán

University of Sonora

 

Study of Urban Poverty and Spatial Inequality in the Cross-border Context: Small-scale Estimates

Space and territory are central to understanding poverty, it is fundamental to define it as to understand the paradigm that sustains it and the processes that reproduce it, the elements that compose and perpetuate it, the effects it produces and the responses that are proposed to reverse it. Poverty and inequality is not a new phenomenon, however, its spatial and territorial characteristics, and its study and analysis as one of the most important problems of development, is a relatively recent issue.

The project aims to develop from a geographical and urban perspective, an axis of work and reflection on spatial inequality and urban poverty conditions in two mirror cities: Nogales, Arizona and Nogales, Mexico, and in its cross-border context. It locates its location in the territory according to the system of cities and in two main aspects: a) the cross-border form of urban processes and the dynamics of spatial inequality b) and the transterritoriality of urban poverty traps in settlement movement processes between city ​​and metropolis.

Investigator

Membership

Dr a. Mónica Olmedo Muñoz (Responsible)

The School of Sonora

Dr a. Liz Iliana Rodríguez Gámez

The School of Sonora

Dr. Francisco Lara-Valencia

Arizona State University

Dr. Anna Ochoa O'Leary

University of Arizona

Geogr. Daniel Morales

The School of Sonora

Arq. Adrián Nápoles Manríquez

The School of Sonora

Mtra M. Guadalupe Vázquez Hernández

The School of Sonora

Lic. Diuber Farías Aúcar

The School of Sonora

 

Integral Management of Risks in Sciences Laboratories in Institutions of Higher Secondary Education: A Collaborative Effort

The aim is to develop a project with the purpose of evaluating and improving the integral management of risks in science laboratories of upper secondary education institutions (baccalaureates) of Sonora, through the use of four complementary research instruments: 1) self-diagnosis, 2) on-site verification, 3) safety climate and 4) risk perception of laboratory users. Also, it is planned to have an impact on improving laboratory safety by developing teaching materials in English and Spanish for use by teachers of high schools that are in charge of laboratory sessions in Arizona. The tools and training material need to be developed, improved, adapted and validated for use in the environment of the science laboratories of the baccalaureates. The foregoing is intended to be carried out in a collaborative manner with the researchers of the participating institutions and the government agencies related to the subject of education, safety and environmental protection.

As a result the management status will be recognized and opportunities for interventions designed be identified specifically to address the findings with policies and actions at the educational, occupational health and safety, civil protection and environmental protection levels in Sonora. The training material developed will support teachers in charge of high school laboratory sessions in Arizona that have students where English is their second language.

Investigator

Membership

Dr. Clara Rosalía Álvarez Chávez (Responsible)

University of Sonora

Dr. Jesús Francisco Laborín Álvarez

CIAD

Dr. Albert Brown

Arizona State University